Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs because the body is unable to use blood sugar (Glucose) correctly, and due to this, blood sugar rises in the body. The exact reason is unknown, but it is believed that genetic and environmental factors play a role. Glucose is the primary source of energy for your body, and it comes from the food we eat; Insulin produced by pancreas helps glucose to get into your cells. In a healthy human, this happens, but sometimes the body is not able to produce sufficient insulin, in such condition, the glucose remains in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. What happens with overtime too much glucose accumulates in your blood and cause serious health problems, although it is well known that diabetes has no cure, there are various ways by which you can manage it and stay healthy.
If you ask what the cause of diabetes is, then there can be many reasons, some of the known ones are as follows:
- When the pancreas does not produce any/less insulin
- When the body becomes resistant to insulin.
Individuals who have diabetes have too much glucose/blood sugar in their bloodstream, which can negatively affect the functioning of the whole body, including the cardiovascular system, circulation, eyesight and kidney function. So, it becomes very much essential to know about the symptoms so that it can be detected early so that proper precautions are taken to limit the impact. Some of the common symptoms of diabetes are as follows:
- You will see increased thirst and urination
- You will see an increased hunger
- Fatigue and blurred vision
- Tingling in the feet or hands
- Unexplained weight loss
There are different types of diabetes, such as Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 Diabetes- Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system doesn’t function properly, what happens, in this case, the body’s immune system starts to destroy the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. It is strongly believed that it is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that might trigger the disease.
Type 2 Diabetes- Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes; this is caused by many factors that include many lifestyles factors and genes. Causes of Type 2 is obesity, and you are overweight, extra weight can cause insulin resistance diabetes, the location of the body fat is also a reason for Type-2 Diabetes. The site of body fat also makes a difference; extra belly fat is linked to insulin resistance diabetes.
Insulin resistance diabetes occurs in all women during late pregnancy. In most cases, the pregnant women body can produce enough insulin to overcome insulin resistance, but in some instances, Gestational Diabetes occurs when the pancreas can’t make enough insulin.
There are several types of medications that are used to limit the effect of diabetes; some of the most commonly used drugs are as follows:
Metformin- It is a drug that increases the sensitivity of the body’s cells to insulin, also limiting the amount of glucose produced by the liver. It is specifically used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Ozempic– It is another type of medication that is used alongside diet and exercise to improve blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes. One thing to note here is that it is not used to treat type 1 diabetes.
Diabetes is a fatal disease, but if you take a proper diet, exercise regularly, adequate medication and remain in touch with medical professionals, you can live a healthy stress-free life.